Early Detection of Cancer in Children

Year after year, the incidence of cancer in children is increasing. Amounts to 2-4% of all incidence of cancer in humans. While the number of events reaches 110 to 130 cases per million children per year. An international report stated, 10% of deaths in children due to cancer.
Mysterious Cause

Cancer in children can occur after delivery and can affect almost every organ of the body of a child and ethnically diverse population. Unfortunately, the causes of cancer until now has not known for sure. However, based on experience and research, cancer in children can be caused by the interaction of various factors, a combination of genetic factors or environmental influences.

In fact, cancer is curable if its presence known early. However, the causes of cancer in children is not easy to know at an early because most cancers in the early stages rarely cause complaints.

In addition, children generally can not feel any abnormalities due to clinical signs or symptoms of cancer in children are not specific.

Immediately check to Doctors

There are some cancers that are quite commonly found in children. Among these are the first rank is leukemia. Other types of cancer that is often encountered is eye cancer, lymph nodes, kidneys, and brain tumors. To be aware of, let’s see together some of the symptoms that are often found in children.

When you find the symptoms or signs, as a first step, immediately consult a physician to determine whether or not caused by cancer. Doctors also usually will perform a number of investigations for the diagnosis and staging of disease. It could be in the child’s first years of the new look healthy and the next few years of developing cancer.

Treatment of cancer in children would depend on the type, stage, and completeness of treatment. Everything strived to achieve a cure, not merely extend the life course. Hope of a cure becomes even greater if the cancer patient is able to go beyond the life span of 5 years after the integrated treatment. Even on some types of cancer requires less time than that.

Although until now the causes of cancer is still mysterious and difficult to detect early, parents need not worry too much if in the family there is a history of cancer. Should be addressed in a proportional and quiet.

8 The type of cancer Often Found In Children

1. Leukemia
Leukemia or blood cancer is a cancer that is most often found in children. The amount is approximately 30% of all cancers in children. The incidence is highest in children aged 3-6 years.
Symptoms to watch:

  • Pale accompanied by sluggish or weak. This condition generally associated with decreased appetite.
  • Unexplained fever.
  • Abnormal bleeding which is easily seen on the skin.
  • The surface of the skin appears blue-black or bruises when previously dropped or bumped.
  • Pain in the limbs (bones).
  • Abdominal palpable hard or swollen, and swollen lymph nodes.

2. Brain Tumor
Brain tumors invade the brain. Both malignant and benign tumors would present the problem
the same weight because the brain located in the skull cavity limited extent. The impact of the two types of the same tumor, which is damaging structure and functions of the central nervous system.
Symptoms to watch out for:

  • Headaches accompanied by nausea or vomiting that burst, vision is reduced or interrupted, and no loss of consciousness or behavior changes.
  • The special feature of the baby is the crown of the amount outstanding.
  • There impaired speech or balance weakened limbs (paralysis) or seizures.

3. Retinoblastoma
Cancer in the retina of the eye is most often found in children between the ages of 6 months to 2 years.
Symptoms to watch: The white patches in the central part of the eye (retina) that seemed to shine when the light hit (like a cat), impaired vision or eyes squint and at an advanced stage, eyes stand out.

4. Lymph node cancer
This disease has the highest incidence rate in children aged 5-7 years.
Symptoms to watch:

  • Enlargement and swelling of the lymph nodes progressive in the neck, armpit, or groin. Generally, these symptoms are not accompanied by signs of infection.
  • Children become weak, lethargic, and decreased appetite.

5. Neuroblastoma
This primitive sympathetic nervous cancer can occur in various parts of the body. The most frequently experienced is the adrenal gland (adrenal supra renal). Symptoms are quite varied depending on the location of the tumor and the disease. But generally, the initial symptoms is difficult to know. Most people arrive at an advanced stage.
Symptoms that warrant concern:

  • The eyelids are swollen and blue, protruding eyeballs, or eyelids looked down.
  • The emergence of the lumps on the head, sudden paralysis, limp due to a fracture without cause, abdominal bloating and hard.

6. Kidney Cancer
Most often found in children are Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma). The incidence is highest in the age of 3-4 years.
Symptoms that warrant concern:
Early symptoms of kidney cancer is difficult to detect. However, usually characterized by bloody urination, discomfort in the stomach, and when it is large enough can be palpated her belly partially enlarged and hard.

7. Cancer striated muscle (Rabdomiosarkoma)
Cancer originating from striated muscle tissue can occur anywhere. In children usually occur in the head, neck, bladder, prostate, and vagina. Therefore, the symptoms that appear very dependent on the area that was attacked. Cancer striated muscles in the eye socket marked with protruding eyes. In the ears causes ear pain which can be accompanied by bleeding. When the striated muscles of the limbs, then swelling.

8. Bone Cancer (Osteosarcoma)
Is one of the many common cancer in children. Usually between the ages of 10-20 years.
Symptoms to watch:

  • Progressive bone swelling, accompanied by pain and fever.
  • Some are accompanied by trauma (impact) as falling unclear trigger.

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